ION reports third quarter 2021 revenues of $44 million, an increase of 125% sequentially, driven by successful execution of 3D strategy amid gradual market recovery

November 3, 2021 at 4:15 PM EDT

HOUSTON, Nov. 03, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- ION Geophysical Corporation (NYSE: IO) today reported revenues of $44.4 million in the third quarter 2021, a 125% increase compared to $19.7 million in the second quarter 2021 and a 173% increase compared to $16.2 million one year ago.

Net loss attributable to ION in the third quarter 2021 was $0.5 million, or a loss of $0.02 per share, compared to $16.6 million, or a loss of $1.16 per share in the third quarter 2020. Excluding special items in both periods, the Company reported an Adjusted net income (loss) attributable to ION in the third quarter 2021 of $1.5 million, or $0.05 per share, compared to $(16.5) million, or $(1.16) per share in the third quarter 2020. The Company reported Adjusted EBITDA of $22.0 million for the third quarter 2021, compared to $0.1 million in the second quarter 2021 and $(6.6) million one year ago. Reconciliations of special items to the reported financial results and Adjusted EBITDA to the closest comparable GAAP numbers can be found in the tables of this press release.

Year-to-date revenues were $78.1 million, an 18% decrease compared to $95.4 million one year ago. While the revenues generated in the third quarter 2021 significantly increased compared to the third quarter 2020, the increase was not enough to offset a one-time significant data library sale during the first quarter 2020. Net loss attributable to ION was $31.2 million in the first nine months of 2021, or a loss of $1.33 per share, compared to $24.1 million, or a loss of $1.69 per share in the first nine months of 2020. Excluding special items in both periods, Adjusted net loss attributable to ION in the first nine months of 2021 was $24.6 million, or a loss of $1.04 per share, compared to $23.9 million, or a loss of $1.68 per share in the first nine months of 2020. The Company reported Adjusted EBITDA of $15.5 million in the first nine months of 2021 compared to $16.5 million in the first nine months of 2020.

At September 30, 2021, our backlog was $12.0 million. The sequential decline in our backlog resulted from revenues recognized as the second phase of our Mid North Sea High 3D multi-client program in the North Sea wrapped up this quarter. We anticipate that most of our backlog will be recognized as revenue during the next two quarters, providing momentum heading into the fourth quarter of 2021.

“Our third quarter results improved considerably, largely due to the successful execution of our 3D strategy,” said Chris Usher, ION’s President and CEO. “Even in a challenging environment, our multi-client market share increased by approximately 50% primarily by launching new 3D programs. Through exposure to larger scale 3D earnings potential, we delivered a 125% sequential increase in revenue and $22 million of Adjusted EBITDA. Our team successfully completed the second, much larger phase of Mid North Sea High and launched a third extension that is expected to conclude mid-November. In addition, we experienced strong sales of our newly reimaged 3D Picanha data offshore Brazil.

“In Operations Optimization, revenues continued improving during the third quarter. Our diversification strategy into ports and offshore logistics is gaining momentum with an increasing pipeline. We submitted our first multi-million-dollar country-scale digitalization proposals for the climate-smart digital infrastructure we are promoting with US government support for maritime detection, port management and illegal fishing. Regarding platform development, two new valuable, client-driven Marlin SmartPort™ modules were launched that drive automation and efficiency and we received a grant to advance port decarbonization.

“We continue diligent efforts to strengthen our financial position and right size the business. Our strategic alternatives process with Tudor Pickering, Holt & Co. is ongoing as we evaluate all options to improve liquidity and address our balance sheet. Our team has made great progress towards the approximately $16 million of annualized savings identified, executing nearly $9 million in short-term savings while progressing the remaining longer-term initiatives. Although some savings will be realized in the fourth quarter, we expect the majority of the short-term savings will take effect starting in early 2022." 

“While the seismic market recovery remains uncertain, we expect momentum to continue into the fourth quarter due to conversion of existing backlog and a robust sales pipeline. In addition, demand for our offshore data and digitalization technologies is growing, empowering clients to operate more efficiently and sustainably. Our team continues to improve efficiency while focusing on strategic initiatives that have the potential to transform the business, and we're seeing significant traction and customer validation in both the 3D new acquisition multi-client opportunities and large-scale maritime digitalization solutions.”  

At quarter close, the Company’s total liquidity of $35.0 million consisted of $24.1 million of cash (including net revolver borrowings of $19.4 million) and $10.9 million of remaining available borrowing capacity under the revolving credit facility, an increase compared to $32.8 million as of June 30, 2021. Whilst the strategic alternatives process continues, and total liquidity improved, the combination of weak first half revenues along with the near-term debt and other obligations has not ameliorated the going concern disclosed last quarter.

THIRD QUARTER 2021

The Company’s segment revenues for the third quarter were as follows (in thousands):

  Three Months Ended 
  September 30,
2021
  June 30,
2021
  % Change  September 30,
2020
  % Change 
E&P Technology & Services $35,820  $11,704   206% $10,093   255%
Operations Optimization  8,571   8,010   7%  6,141   40%
Total $44,391  $19,714   125% $16,234   173%

E&P Technology & Services segment revenues were $35.8 million for the third quarter 2021, compared to $11.7 million for the second quarter 2021 and $10.1 million for the third quarter 2020. Within E&P Technology & Services, multi-client revenues were $32.5 million, an increase of approximately 250% from second quarter 2021 and an increase of over 400% from third quarter 2020. The increase in multi-client revenues reflects sales of newly reimaged 3D data offshore Brazil and our 3D programs in the North Sea. Imaging and Reservoir Services revenues were $3.3 million, an increase of 36% from the second quarter 2021 and a decrease of 13% from the third quarter 2020. The sequential increase resulted from working through existing backlog. The third quarter 2021 decrease compared to third quarter 2020 is due to lower proprietary activity.

Operations Optimization segment revenues were $8.6 million for the third quarter 2021, compared to $8.0 million for the second quarter 2021 and $6.1 million for third quarter 2020. Within Operations Optimization, Optimization Software & Services revenues were $3.8 million, a 13% increase from second quarter 2021 primarily due to timing of software maintenance renewal and a 27% increase from third quarter 2020 due to increased seismic vessel activity offshore. Devices revenues were $4.8 million, a 3% increase from second quarter 2021 and a 55% increase from third quarter 2020 due to higher sales of towed streamer equipment spares.

Consolidated gross margin for the quarter was 50%, compared to 18% for the second quarter 2021 and 8% one year ago. Gross margin in E&P Technology & Services was 50% compared to 9% for the second quarter 2021 and (11)% one year ago, consistent with the increase in revenues during the period. Operations Optimization gross margin was 50%, compared to 33% for the second quarter 2021 and 39% one year ago. The increase in gross margin was due to increase in revenues.

Consolidated operating expenses were $15.5 million, an increase from $11.0 million in the second quarter 2021 and $12.5 million in the third quarter 2020 resulting from an increase in severance expense as well as higher professional fees related to the evaluation of strategic alternatives and, to a lesser extent, increase in commission expense. 

Income tax expense was $3.6 million for the third quarter 2021 compared to $8.8 million for the second quarter 2021 and $1.1 million for the third quarter 2020. The sequential decrease is due to establishment of a non-cash valuation allowance of $7.7 million resulting from the Company’s going concern conclusion during the second quarter 2021 that was not repeated in the third quarter 2021. Excluding the valuation allowance, the Company’s income tax expense primarily relates to results generated by its non-U.S. businesses in Latin America. 

YEAR-TO-DATE 2021

The Company’s segment revenues for the first nine months of the year were as follows (in thousands):

  Nine Months Ended September 30, 
  2021  2020  % Change 
E&P Technology & Services $54,760  $71,833   (24)%
Operations Optimization  23,381   23,546   (1)%
Total $78,141  $95,379   (18)%

E&P Technology & Services segment revenues were $54.8 million for the first nine months of 2021, compared to $71.8 million for first nine months of 2020. Within E&P Technology & Services, multi-client revenues were $45.4 million, a decrease of 24% from the first nine months of 2020. While the revenues generated during the third quarter 2021 significantly increased compared to the third quarter 2020, the increase was not enough to offset a one-time significant data library sale during the first quarter of 2020. Imaging and Reservoir Services revenues were $9.4 million, a decrease of 24% from first nine months of 2020, due to lower proprietary activity.

Operations Optimization segment revenues were $23.4 million for the first nine months of 2021 compared to $23.5 million for the first nine months of 2020. Within Operations Optimization, Optimization Software & Services revenues were $10.0 million, a decrease of 7% from the first nine months of 2020 primarily due to new sales and leases of our Gator command and control system that did not repeat during the first nine months of 2021. Devices revenues were $13.4 million, a 6% increase from first nine months of 2020 due to higher sales of towed streamer equipment spares.

Consolidated gross margin for the first nine months of 2021 was 34%, compared to 36% for the first nine months of 2020. Gross margin in E&P Technology & Services was 32% compared to 35% one year ago resulting from a significant 2D data library deal that closed during the first quarter of 2020 that was not repeated during the first nine months of 2021. Operations Optimization gross margin was 40% which is flat to one year ago.

Consolidated operating expenses were $37.6 million, decrease from $44.5 million in the first nine months of 2020 partially resulting from the goodwill impairment recognized in the first nine months of 2020 that was not repeated in 2021 and the reduction in compensation expense implemented during 2020. Excluding the impact of special items from both periods, the first nine months of 2021 adjusted operating expenses declined by 7%, or $35.6 million, compared to the adjusted operating expenses of $38.2 million one year ago. Operating margin was (14)%, compared to (11)% one year ago. The decline in operating margin was the result of the decline in revenues. 

Income tax expense was $5.6 million for the first nine months of 2021, compared to $10.0 million for the first nine months of 2020. The income tax expense for the first nine months of 2021 and 2020 primarily relates to results generated by our non-U.S. businesses in Latin America. 

CONFERENCE CALL

The Company has scheduled a conference call for Thursday, November 4, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time that will include a slide presentation to be posted in the Investor Relations section of the ION website by 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time. To participate in the conference call, dial (833) 362-0195 at least 10 minutes before the call begins and ask for the ION conference call. A replay of the call will be available approximately two hours after the live broadcast ends and will be accessible until November 18, 2021. To access the replay, dial (855) 859-2056 and use pass code 1139057.

Investors, analysts and the general public will also have the opportunity to listen to the conference call live over the Internet by visiting ir.iongeo.com. An archive of the webcast will be available shortly after the call on the Company’s website.

About ION

Leveraging innovative technologies, ION delivers powerful data-driven decision-making to offshore energy and maritime operations markets, enabling clients to optimize investments and results through access to our data, software and distinctive analytics. Learn more at iongeo.com.

Contact
Mike Morrison
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
+1.281.879.3615

The information herein contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These forward-looking statements may include information and other statements that are not of historical fact. Actual results may vary materially from those described in these forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements reflect numerous assumptions and involve a number of risks and uncertainties. These risks and uncertainties include the risks associated with the timing and development of ION Geophysical Corporation's products and services; pricing pressure; decreased demand; changes in oil prices; agreements made or adhered to by members of OPEC and other oil producing countries to maintain production levels; the COVID-19 pandemic; the ultimate benefits of our completed restructuring transactions; political, execution, regulatory, and currency risks; the outcome or changes, if any, of our consideration of various strategic alternatives; and the impact to our liquidity in the current uncertain macroeconomic environment. For additional information regarding these various risks and uncertainties, see our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed on February 12, 2021. Additional risk factors, which could affect actual results, are disclosed by the Company in its filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including its Form 10-K, Form 10-Qs and Form 8-Ks filed during the year. The Company expressly disclaims any obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements.

Tables to follow


ION GEOPHYSICAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited) 

  Three Months Ended  Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
  September 30,
2021
  June 30,
2021
  September 30,
2020
  2021  2020 
  (In thousands, except per share data) 
Service revenues $36,455   12,366  $10,202  $56,285  $73,234 
Product revenues  7,936   7,348   6,032   21,856   22,145 
Total net revenues  44,391   19,714   16,234   78,141   95,379 
Cost of services  18,349   11,223   11,491   38,842   47,033 
Cost of products  3,812   4,853   3,454   12,572   12,962 
Impairment of multi-client data library              1,167 
Gross profit  22,230   3,638   1,289   26,727   34,217 
Operating expenses:                    
Research, development and engineering  3,156   3,382   2,899   9,485   9,943 
Marketing and sales  3,142   3,179   2,811   9,080   8,888 
General, administrative and other operating expenses  9,158   4,458   6,743   19,003   21,546 
Impairment of goodwill              4,150 
Total operating expenses  15,456   11,019   12,453   37,568   44,527 
Income (loss) from operations  6,774   (7,381)  (11,164)  (10,841)  (10,310)
Interest expense, net  (2,736)  (3,299)  (3,669)  (9,297)  (10,304)
Other income (expense), net  (855)  (4,070)  (525)  (5,532)  6,675 
Income (loss) before income taxes  3,183   (14,750)  (15,358)  (25,670)  (13,939)
Income tax expense  3,623   8,776   1,056   5,550   9,982 
Net loss  (440)  (23,526)  (16,414)  (31,220)  (23,921)
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests  (13)  (60)  (193)  18   (168)
Net loss attributable to ION $(453) $(23,586) $(16,607) $(31,202) $(24,089)
Net loss per share:                    
Basic and Diluted $(0.02) $(0.90) $(1.16) $(1.33) $(1.69)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:                    
Basic and Diluted  28,590   26,198   14,278   23,546   14,255 
                     


ION GEOPHYSICAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited) 

  September 30,  December 31, 
  2021  2020 
  (In thousands, except share data) 
ASSETS 
Current assets:        
Cash and cash equivalents $24,143  $37,486 
Accounts receivable, net  15,890   8,045 
Unbilled receivables  17,541   11,262 
Inventories, net  10,673   11,267 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets  5,808   7,116 
Total current assets  74,055   75,176 
Property, plant and equipment, net  9,067   9,511 
Multi-client data library, net  56,513   50,914 
Goodwill  19,449   19,565 
Right-of-use assets  29,896   35,501 
Other assets  1,928   2,926 
Total assets $190,908  $193,593 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT 
Current liabilities:        
Current maturities of long-term debt $26,447  $143,731 
Accounts payable  28,061   33,418 
Accrued expenses  30,402   16,363 
Accrued multi-client data library royalties  20,003   21,359 
Deferred revenue  3,009   3,648 
Current maturities of operating lease liabilities  8,263   7,570 
Total current liabilities  116,185   226,089 
Long-term debt, net of current maturities  107,379    
Operating lease and other long-term liabilities, net of current maturities  32,509   38,594 
Total liabilities  256,073   264,683 
Commitment and contingencies        
Deficit:        
Common stock, $0.01 par value; authorized 100,000,000 shares; outstanding 28,627,268 and 14,333,101 shares at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.  285   143 
Preferred stock      
Additional paid-in capital  995,821   958,584 
Accumulated deficit  (1,042,718)  (1,011,516)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss  (19,772)  (19,913)
Total stockholders’ deficit  (66,384)  (72,702)
Noncontrolling interests  1,219   1,612 
Total deficit  (65,165)  (71,090)
Total liabilities and deficit $190,908  $193,593 
         


ION GEOPHYSICAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited) 

  Three Months Ended
September 30,
  Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
  2021   2020  2021   2020 
Cash flows from operating activities:                  
Net loss $(440)  $(16,414) $(31,220)  $(23,921)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:                  
Depreciation and amortization (other than multi-client library)  897    1,088   3,277    2,936 
Amortization of multi-client data library  13,251    3,973   21,970    16,674 
Impairment of multi-client data library             1,167 
Impairment of goodwill             4,150 
Stock-based compensation expense  527    543   1,306    1,637 
Amortization of government relief funding             (6,923)
Loss on restructuring transactions         4,696     
Deferred income taxes      (101)      237 
Change in operating assets and liabilities:                  
Accounts receivable  (5,423)   2,387   (7,880)   21,065 
Unbilled receivables  (10,442)   3,261   (6,291)   1,181 
Inventories  58    (102)  397    77 
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and accrued royalties  5,104    501   (2,787)   (6,429)
Deferred revenue  1,194    (1,780)  (619)   (2,246)
Other assets and liabilities  4,626    3,461   7,195    3,563 
     Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities  9,352    (3,183)  (9,956)   13,168 
Cash flows from investing activities:                  
Investment in multi-client data library  (9,664)   (5,245)  (22,307)   (19,841)
Purchase of property, plant and equipment  (1,271)   (168)  (2,038)   (865)
     Net cash used in investing activities  (10,935)   (5,413)  (24,345)   (20,706)
Cash flows from financing activities:                  
Borrowings under revolving line of credit             27,000 
Repayments under revolving line of credit  (400)      (3,150)   (4,500)
Proceeds from the rights offering         41,836 (a)   
Payments on notes payable and long-term debt  (128)   (287)  (18,704)(b)  (1,814)
Costs associated with debt issuance  (489)(c)     (8,185)(c)   
Net proceeds from the registered direct offering         9,802     
Receipt of Paycheck Protection Program loan             6,923 
Other financing activities  (28)   (313)  (603)   (308)
     Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities  (1,045)   (600)  20,996    27,301 
Effect of change in foreign currency exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash  13    (37)  (65)   501 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash  (2,615)   (9,233)  (13,370)   20,264 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period  29,058    62,615   39,813    33,118 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period $26,443   $53,382  $26,443   $53,382 

(a) Represents $30.1 million in New Notes and $11.7 million of ION's common stock issued in connection with the Rights Offering.
(b) Consists primarily of $17.1 million payment for the Old Notes resulting from the Exchange Offer.
(c) Represents transaction costs incurred in connection with the Restructuring Transactions.

The following table is a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash to the condensed consolidated balance sheets:

  September 30, 
  2021  2020 
  (In thousands) 
Cash and cash equivalents $24,143  $51,056 
Restricted cash included in prepaid expenses and other current assets  2,300   2,326 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash shown in consolidated statements of cash flows $26,443  $53,382 
         


ION GEOPHYSICAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
SUMMARY OF SEGMENT INFORMATION
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

  Three Months Ended  Nine Months Ended
September 30,
  
  September 30,
2021
   June 30,
2021
  September 30,
2020
  2021   2020  
Net revenues:                       
E&P Technology & Services:                       
New Venture $26,287   $3,882  $1,213  $31,256   $7,340  
Data Library  6,225    5,393   5,085   14,102    52,083  
Total multi-client revenues  32,512    9,275   6,298   45,358    59,423  
Imaging and Reservoir Services  3,308    2,429   3,795   9,402    12,410  
Total  35,820    11,704   10,093   54,760    71,833  
Operations Optimization:                       
Optimization Software & Services  3,814    3,370   3,007   10,028    10,811  
Devices  4,757    4,640   3,134   13,353    12,735  
Total  8,571    8,010   6,141   23,381    23,546  
Total net revenues $44,391   $19,714  $16,234  $78,141   $95,379  
Gross profit (loss):                       
E&P Technology & Services $17,925   $1,018  $(1,092) $17,336   $24,902 (c)
Operations Optimization  4,305    2,620   2,381   9,391    9,315  
Total gross profit $22,230   $3,638  $1,289  $26,727   $34,217  
Gross margin:                       
E&P Technology & Services  50%   9%  (11)%  32%   35% 
Operations Optimization  50%   33%  39%  40%   40% 
Total gross margin  50%   18%  8%  34%   36% 
Income (loss) from operations:                       
E&P Technology & Services $13,973   $(2,691) $(4,591) $6,429   $13,803 (c)
Operations Optimization  624    244   (232)  48    (3,965)(d)
Support and other  (7,823)(a)  (4,934)  (6,341)  (17,318)(a)  (20,148) 
Income (loss) from operations  6,774    (7,381)  (11,164)  (10,841)   (10,310) 
Interest expense, net  (2,736)   (3,299)  (3,669)  (9,297)   (10,304) 
Other income (expense), net  (855)   (4,070)  (525)  (5,532)(b)  6,675 (e)
Income (loss) before income taxes $3,183   $(14,750) $(15,358) $(25,670)  $(13,939) 

(a) Includes severance expense of $1.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021.
(b) Includes the loss on restructuring transaction of $4.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 resulting from the exchange of our Old Notes for New Notes.
(c) Includes impairment of multi-client data library of $1.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
(d) Includes impairment of goodwill of $4.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
(e) Includes amortization of government relief funding of $6.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.


ION GEOPHYSICAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Summary of Net Revenues by Geographic Area
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

  Three Months Ended  Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
  September 30,
2021
  June 30,
2021
  September 30,
2020
  2021  2020 
Latin America $24,808  $1,072  $7,925  $29,383  $35,978 
Europe  11,557   6,599   3,257   22,522   15,413 
Middle East  2,867   704   474   3,404   7,585 
Asia Pacific  1,801   3,437   2,332   10,051   16,719 
Africa  1,800   6,479   361   7,439   12,725 
North America  1,262   934   1,493   4,298   2,370 
Other  296   489   392   1,044   4,589 
Total net revenues $44,391  $19,714  $16,234  $78,141  $95,379 
                     


ION GEOPHYSICAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Loss (Non-GAAP Measure)
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

The term EBITDA (excluding non-recurring items) represents net loss before net interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization and other non-recurring charges such as impairment charges, severance expenses, government relief and loss on restructuring transactions. The term Adjusted EBITDA is EBITDA (excluding non-recurring items) but also excludes the impact of fair value adjustments related to the Company’s outstanding stock appreciation awards. EBITDA (excluding non-recurring items) and Adjusted EBITDA are not measures of financial performance under generally accepted accounting principles and should not be considered in isolation from or as a substitute for net income (loss) or cash flow measures prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles or as a measure of profitability or liquidity. Additionally, EBITDA (excluding non-recurring items) and Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. The Company has included EBITDA (excluding non-recurring items) and Adjusted EBITDA as a supplemental disclosure because its management believes that EBITDA (excluding non-recurring items) and Adjusted EBITDA provides investors a helpful measure for comparing its operating performance with the performance of other companies that have different financing and capital structures or tax rates.

  Three Months Ended  Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
  September 30,
2021
  June 30,
2021
   September 30,
2020
  2021   2020 
Net loss $(440) $(23,526)  $(16,414) $(31,220)  $(23,921)
Interest expense, net  2,736   3,299    3,669   9,297    10,304 
Income tax expense (benefit)  3,623   8,776    1,056   5,550    9,982 
Depreciation and amortization expense  14,148   6,855    5,061   25,247    19,610 
Impairment of multi-client data library                1,167 
Impairment of goodwill                4,150 
Severance expense  1,930          1,930    3,102 
Amortization of government relief funding                (6,923)
Loss on restructuring transactions     4,696       4,696     
EBITDA excluding non-recurring items  21,997   100    (6,628)  15,500    17,471 
Stock appreciation rights (credit) expense         58   7    (952)
Adjusted EBITDA $21,997  $100   $(6,570) $15,507   $16,519 
                       


ION GEOPHYSICAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Description of Special Items and Reconciliation of GAAP (As Reported) to Non-GAAP (As Adjusted) Measures
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

The financial results are reported in accordance with GAAP. However, management believes that certain non-GAAP performance measures may provide users of this financial information, additional meaningful comparisons between current results and results in prior operating periods. One such non-GAAP financial measure is adjusted income (loss) from operations or adjusted net income (loss), which excludes certain charges or amounts. This adjusted income (loss) amount is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP. Accordingly, it should not be considered as a substitute for income (loss) from operations, net income (loss) or other income data prepared in accordance with GAAP. See the tables below for supplemental financial data and the corresponding reconciliation to GAAP financials for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 and three months ended June 30, 2021:

  Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021
  Three Months Ended
June 30, 2021
  Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
 
  As Reported  Special Items   As Adjusted  As Reported  Special Items   As Adjusted  As Reported  Special Items   As Adjusted 
Net revenues $44,391  $   $44,391  $19,714  $   $19,714  $16,234  $   $16,234 
Cost of sales  22,161       22,161   16,076       16,076   14,945       14,945 
Gross profit  22,230       22,230   3,638       3,638   1,289       1,289 
Operating expenses  15,456   (1,930)(a)  13,526   11,019       11,019   12,453   (58)(d)  12,395 
Income (loss) from operations  6,774   1,930    8,704   (7,381)      (7,381)  (11,164)  58    (11,106)
Interest expense, net  (2,736)      (2,736)  (3,299)      (3,299)  (3,669)      (3,669)
Other income (expense), net  (855)      (855)  (4,070)  4,696 (b)  626   (525)      (525)
Income (loss) before income taxes  3,183   1,930    5,113   (14,750)  (4,696)   (10,054)  (15,358)  58    (15,300)
Income tax expense (benefit)  3,623       3,623   8,776   (7,743)(c)  1,033   1,056       1,056 
Net income (loss)  (440)  1,930    1,490   (23,526)  3,047    (11,087)  (16,414)  58    (16,356)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests  (13)      (13)  (60)      (60)  (193)      (193)
Net income (loss) attributable to ION $(453) $1,930   $1,477  $(23,586) $3,047   $(11,147) $(16,607) $58   $(16,549)
Net income (loss) per share:                                       
Basic and Diluted $(0.02)      $0.05  $(0.90)      $(0.43) $(1.16)      $(1.16)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:                                       
Basic and Diluted  28,590        28,590   26,198        26,198   14,278        14,278 

(a) Represents severance expense for the three months ended September 30, 2021.
(b) Represents loss on restructuring transaction of $4.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 resulting from the exchange of Old Notes for New Notes.
(c) Represents a full valuation allowance on net deferred tax assets of $7.7 million resulting from the going concern conclusion for the three months ended June 30, 2021.
(d) Represents stock appreciation rights awards expense for the three months ended September 30, 2020.


  For the Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
  For the Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2020
 
  As Reported  Special Items   As Adjusted  As Reported  Special Items   As Adjusted 
Net revenues $78,141  $   $78,141  $95,379  $   $95,379 
Cost of sales  51,414       51,414   61,162   (1,167)(c)  59,995 
Gross profit (loss)  26,727       26,727   34,217   (1,167)   35,384 
Operating expenses  37,568   (1,937)(a)  35,631   44,527   (6,301)(d)  38,226 
Income (loss) from operations  (10,841)  1,937    (8,904)  (10,310)  7,468    (2,842)
Interest expense, net  (9,297)      (9,297)  (10,304)      (10,304)
Other income (expense), net  (5,532)  4,696 (b)  (836)  6,675   (6,923)(e)  (248)
Income (loss) before income taxes  (25,670)  6,633    (19,037)  (13,939)  545    (13,394)
Income tax expense  5,550       5,550   9,982   350 (c)  10,332 
Net income (loss)  (31,220)  6,633    (24,587)  (23,921)  195    (23,726)
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests  18       18   (168)      (168)
Net income (loss) attributable to ION $(31,202) $6,633   $(24,569) $(24,089) $195   $(23,894)
Net loss per share:                          
Basic and Diluted $(1.33)      $(1.04) $(1.69)      $(1.68)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:                          
Basic and Diluted  23,546        23,546   14,255        14,255 

(a) Represents severance expense and stock appreciation rights awards expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2021.
(b) Represents loss on restructuring transaction of $4.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 resulting from the exchange of Old Notes for New Notes.
(c) Represents the impairment of multi-client data library of $1.2 million and the related tax impact of $0.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
(d) Represents impairment of goodwill of $4.2 million and severance expense of $3.1 million, partially offset by stock appreciation right awards credit of $1.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
(e) Represents the amortization of government relief funding of $6.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.